Group therapy sessions are held in all types of drug rehab programs. In fact, group therapy is a fundamental part of the most effective drug rehab programs. These sessions are held in:
- Inpatient or residential treatment programs
- Hospital-based inpatient treatment programs
- Intensive outpatient programs
- Long-term treatment
- Short-term treatment
Group therapy is also used in sober houses (also referred to as sober living homes and halfway houses). These settings serve as a transitional (or halfway) point between rehab and “normal” life. Addicts who have completed an inpatient program and are looking for a safe place to stay, or addicts who are in need of a safe place to stay while they are completing an intensive outpatient or community based rehab program often decide to reside at a sober house. During their stay at a sober living facility, residents continue to learn invaluable tools that will help them stay on the path of recovery and abstain from using again as they transition their way back into the “real” world. The tools and strategies that they have learned or are learning at rehab are also reinforced. Group therapy serves as a vital role in fostering further knowledge about the importance of abstaining from substance use, and reinforces tips and techniques that addicts have learned to help them avoid triggers so that they can remain sober.
Group therapy is also the foundation of 12-step treatment programs, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA). Those who are attempting to overcome their addiction to drugs or alcohol meet in a group setting, share their experiences, and together, they learn about the 12 steps of recovery and help support one another as they move through those steps. Twelve-step programs are often lead by trained psychologist, addiction counselors, or therapists, who serve as the guide for those who are participating in the group.