There are various types of drug and alcohol addiction rehabilitation facilities. Options include outpatient and residential (inpatient) centers; short-term and long-term care centers; facilities that utilize a traditional 12-step approach and centers that incorporate a more holistic, alternative treatment approach. There are also centers that cater to the specific needs of individuals, such as Christian-based rehabs, Native American rehabs, executive treatment centers, luxury facilities, centers that treat only men or women, and even wilderness rehab retreats.
No matter what type of facility you choose, it should comprise a variety of proven techniques in order to offer effective treatment for drug and alcohol abuse and addiction.
The following factors are indicators of an effective rehab facility:
- Comprehensive assessment. Whether a rehab center is based on a 12-step model, a non 12-step model, or it’s a short-term or long-term care facility, or an inpatient or outpatient center, if it’s an effective rehab, all patients will undergo a complete assessment before being administered. This assessment includes a screening to determine what type of substances the patient is using, as well as an intake interview. During this interview, a counselor will ask patients a number of questions, including how long they have been using, whether or not they have attempted rehab before, and if they have been diagnosed with a co-occurring mental health issue. This assessment will help determine exactly what type of treatment each patient requires. Everyone’s circumstances are different, and addiction affects each person differently. As such, each patient should receive treatment that meets their needs; for example, someone who has been using multiple substances for a prolonged period of time and has a mental health condition will likely require different treatment than someone who is just showing the signs of addiction, is only using one substance, and has not been diagnosed with a mental health condition.
- Treatments and protocols offered. The treatments and protocols that are used will vary from rehab to rehab; however, an effective center should offer a detox program (medicated, non-medicated, or both), and it should have strictly enforced rules regarding contraband. But, each center will likely differ regarding the type of counseling and therapies it offers. It’s important to find out what type of counseling and therapies a facility uses to ensure that they will fit your unique needs. Furthermore, the practices that are employed should be proven as effective for the treatment of substance abuse.
- Relapse education and prevention. While the goal of rehab is to prevent patients from relapsing, it can happen; even if treatment is received in the most highly accredited facility. Therefore, a rehab should educate their clients about the risk of relapse and teach strategies that patients can used to avoid using again. Furthermore, the facility should offer clients a safety net, of sorts, that they can lean on if they do find that they are tempted to use. This might include a toll-free phone number that they can call in case they require extra support once their treatment has ended.
- Aftercare. Aftercare has been found to be a vital component of rehab. Aftercare aims to help patients stay clean after they complete a treatment program. Some facilities might offer aftercare at the same facility, or they might connect clients to another facility that patients can check into and get the support that they need. Aftercare is usually an outpatient approach; however, depending on the severity of a person’s addiction, a halfway or transitional house might be recommended.