Adderall is a prescription only medication. It contains two types of drugs; amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Combined, these two drugs have been proven to help patients that have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as narcolepsy.
Adderall works by bonding to two receptors within the brain; norepinephrine and dopamine. It also binds to the epinephrine receptors that are located in the adrenal glands. Taking adderall increases the “feel good” chemicals that the brain produces. As such, this helps to improve focus, attention span, and alertness that occur with ADHD. It also helps to combat the feelings of excessive sleepiness that those who suffer from narcolepsy experience. However, adderall also creates a feeling of euphoria in some individuals. As a result, this medication can become highly addictive.
Because of the addictive nature of adderall, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has classified it as a Schedule II stimulant controlled substance. Other drugs that are also classified as Schedule II stimulants include cocaine, oxycodone, opium, and methamphetamine.
Because of the highly addictive nature of this adderall, it is not surprising that it has become the focus of the huge surge in prescription medication addiction that is occurring in the United States. People who are prescribed this medication for viable reasons, such as the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy, often end up abusing it because of the euphoric effects that it creates. People who are not prescribed this medication also use it as an illicit drug, again, because of the euphoria that it creates. When adderall is taken in ways that it is not intended, the chances of addiction are very high. When an individual becomes addicted to this stimulant drug, it can be very difficult for them to stop using it. That’s because abusing this drug can damage the brain; the brain believes that it needs to take the drug in order to feel “normal”, and the cycle of abusing adderall continues.